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Before President Donald Trump even said "good morning" in a televised address responding to Iran''s strikes on U.S. targets, he announced, "As long as I am president of the United States, Iran will never be allowed to have a nuclear weapon."

特朗普總統在回應伊朗導彈襲擊的電視講話中,甚至還沒說聲“早上好”,就直接宣布:“只要我是美國總統,就永遠不會允許伊朗擁有核武器?!?br />
It''s an often-repeated line from him, but there was one change in U.S. policy Wednesday: Trump called for other world powers to abandon the nuclear accord, which is barely surviving after he withdrew the U.S. in 2018 and Iran has unraveled its cooperation since 2019.


Instead, Trump urged those countries that remain in the deal to pursue negotiations over a new Iran nuclear deal. But in doing so, he attacked the existing one with misinformation -- and analysts say any new negotiations are unlikely because of Trump''s maximalist approach to Tehran.


But America''s European allies in the deal -- the United Kingdom, France and Germany -- have maintained that it is essential because those IAEA inspections continue and Iran has agreed to never pursue a nuclear weapon, especially as a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or NPT.


The Trump administration, however, argues that Tehran cannot be trusted to abide by those agreements, with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo arguing recently that Iran should not be allowed to enrich uranium at all. It''s unclear if that is Trump''s position for any potential future negotiations, too.

然而,特朗普政府辯稱,不能相信德黑蘭會遵守這些協議,國務卿邁克·龐皮歐(Mike Pompeo)最近辯稱,伊朗根本不應該被允許進行鈾濃縮。目前還不清楚特朗普對未來任何潛在談判的立場。

Instead of laying out a road map for talks, Trump took the time on Wednesday to bash the previous deal, saying, "Iran''s hostilities substantially increased after the foolish Iran nuclear deal was signed in 2013 and they were given $150 billion, not to mention $1.8 billion in cash."

特朗普沒有為談判制定路線圖,而是在周三花大量時間抨擊現有伊核協議,稱“2013年愚蠢的伊朗核協議簽署后,伊朗的敵意大幅增加,他們得到了1500億美元,更不用說18億美元的現金了?!?br />
Trump has made these claims before, but they''re no less false. As part of the deal, which was signed in 2015, not 2013, Iran was not given $150 billion, but had billions of its assets unfrozen. That figure could have been as high as $150 billion, but the U.S. Treasury put it closer to $56 billion, while the Central Bank of Iran said it ended up at around $35 billion after Iran paid off its debts.

The Obama administration did agree to pay $1.7 billion to the Iranian government for military equipment that the U.S. government agreed to sell the pro-Western Iranian government in the 1970''s and then never delivered after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. It was part of a larger arbitration in international court that also saw Iran pay more than $2.5 billion to American citizens and businesses. As part of that payment, $400 million -- the original amount in question -- was paid in cash by the U.S., with a negotiated interest payment of $1.3 billion paid later.


Trump went further, however, saying those "funds made available by the last administration" were used to pay for "the missiles fired last night at us and our allies."


It''s a stinging criticism of his predecessor, essentially accusing President Barack Obama of funding an attack against Americans. Trump''s broader point is that those payments gave Iran more funds for its military and proxy forces like the Shiite militias in Iraq, but it''s also a claim that can''t be proven. A senior State Department official told ABC News on Wednesday that the missiles Iran deployed were "retro" and "not new or unique," so perhaps they were made or purchased many years prior to the deal.

While Trump expressed optimism for a new negotiation with Iran and a new deal, the chances of that are also low. Iran''s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has already said he will not negotiate with Trump, telling Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in June, "I don''t consider him worthy of even exchanging messages with."

盡管特朗普對與伊朗的新談判和新協議表示樂觀,但這種可能性很低。伊朗最高領袖阿亞圖拉·阿里·哈梅內伊(Ayatollah Ali Khamenei)已經表示,他不會與特朗普談判,他在今年6月對日本首相安倍晉三(Shinzo Abe)說,“我認為他甚至不值得與他交換信息?!?br />