原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.ktxyyo.live 翻譯:zmmyc 轉載請注明出處



Since the 1960s, India has procured the larger part of its armaments from Moscow, and weapons systems such as the Mi-4 helicopter, T-55 tank and SS-2 Styx anti-ship missile have played a decisive role in India’s military conflicts.

自上世紀60年代以來,印度的大部分軍事裝備是從莫斯科采購的,且米-4直升機、T-55坦克和SS-2“冥河”反艦導彈等武器系統在印度的軍事沖突中發揮了決定性作用。

As alliances shifted in the post-Cold War era, Washington has heavily courted New Delhi as part of an effort to counter-balance China’s rise as superpower. This has led India to purchase U.S. military systems such as P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol planes and Apache attack helicopters.
?
隨著后冷戰時代盟友關系的轉變,華盛頓大力討好新德里,以便于制衡中國崛起為超級大國。這導致印度可以購買美國軍事系統,如P-8海神海上巡邏機和阿帕奇攻擊直升機。

Moreover, India withdrew from an ambitious program to jointly develop an India-specific variant of Russia’s Su-57 stealth fighter in 2018. Moscow has also indicated a new willingness to export arms to India’s rival, Pakistan. And in the wake of Moscow’s seizure of the Crimea from Ukraine in 2014, Washington has passed the CAATSA act which threatens sanctions on countries that make major military purchases from Russia.

此外,印度退出了一項雄心勃勃的計劃,此計劃是,在2018年里與俄羅斯聯合開發蘇-57隱形戰機的印度專用型。莫斯科還表示愿意向印度的競爭對手巴基斯坦出口武器。而在2014年莫斯科從烏克蘭奪取克里米亞之后,華盛頓通過了CAATSA法案,威脅對從俄羅斯進行重大軍事采購的國家實施制裁。

But despite these negative factors, and the Modi administration’s insistence that foreign imports come with a domestic manufacturing component on Indian soil, in reality Russia by far remains India’s dominant arms supplier going into the 2020s, accounting for 62 percent of Indian arms imports in the previous five years according to SIPRI.

但是盡管有這些不利因素,而且莫迪政府堅持認為外國進口要伴隨印度國內生產的一部分, 但實際上,進入本世紀20年代,俄羅斯仍然是印度占主導地位的武器供應商,根據SIPRI的數據,在過去五年里,俄羅斯占印度武器進口的62%。